For a tropical flair which adds drama to any space, split-leaf philodendron and Lacy Tree philodendron are just two excellent houseplants with comparable low-maintenance needs. They both have a look which verges on overgrown jungle, based on the variety and how much you decide to restrain its growth.
While split-leaf grows rapidly and demands more room if not controlled, Lacy Tree varieties differ greatly in size, letting you enjoy a potted philodendron almost everywhere in your house.
Caution: Philodendron is toxic if ingested by pets or young kids.
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Split-leaf philodendron (Monstera deliciosa) is a climber, as are most philodendron varieties. It’s also known as Swiss Cheese plant, due to holes on its big, glossy green leaves along with deeply curved splits. This striking plant is ideal for a large hallway or a spacious area, in a place with lots of good light.
Split-leaf can grow as tall as 10 feet, so it normally has to be staked or given a pole on which to scale.
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Be cautious when choosing the location for your split-leaf; after it becomes habituated, it does not want to be moved and may react to being moved by dropping its leaves. And make sure it’s good air flow to avoid infestation.
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Split-leafs are used as houseplants for centuries; they were a particularly popular design element in the 1950s.
Lacy Tree philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifidum, or Philodendron selloum) isn’t a climber; it grows as a big semiwoody tree with huge glossy leaves and a single vertical unbranched stem which will drop over and sprawl when the plant becomes big. You’ll want to provide a Lacy Tree lots of room: It can eventually sprawl to become twice as broad as it is tall.
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A small Lacy Tree fits well on a countertop, where it can get the indirect light it enjoys.
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The glossy leaves of a Lacy Tree become more greatly cut as they expand, hence the name.
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To keep your plant healthy and appealing, gently wipe dust from the leaves with a moist cloth.
The strong stem of this Lacy Tree conveys stout aerial rootlets.
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How to take care of your own philodendron:
Temperature: Typical to heat, about 60 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit (16 to 27 degrees Celsius). Split-leaf philodendron thrives at temperatures over 80 degrees and will very probably not increase at temperatures lower than 65 degrees; Lacy Tree is hardier and more tolerant of reduced temperatures.
Light: Moderate to bright light. No sun, which may result in brown scorch marks on the leaves. Choose an area with bright indirect or filtered sunlight, like a south-facing window or a room with light-colored walls which reflect light. Keep plants 2 to 5 ft away from windows to avoid direct light, which induces leaf burn, as well as warmer temperatures or drafts in winter. Yellowing of the lower leaves may be a sign your plant needs more light.
Water: Moderate. Water once every seven to 10 times; maintain the soil moist from spring through autumn and permit its surface to dry between waterings from the winter. Overwatering can cause yellow leaves.
Soil: Use a peat moss–based potting mix or superior potting soil with one-fourth additional perlite for great drainage.
Feeding: Feed monthly spring through autumn with a balanced liquid fertilizer diluted by half reduce the feeding program by half through the winter months or stop feeding completely if your plant is currently living below 68 degrees Fahrenheit. If new growth lacks the attribute perforation, the plant may need more frequent fertilization; burnt foliage tips suggest overfertilizing.
Humidity: Philodendrons are lots of dry air but such as humidity. Mist the foliage occasionally. Lacy Tree has thinner leaves than most species in the genus and so needs additional humidity. Mist frequently if the air is extremely dry or consider using a room humidifier close to the plants in the winter.
Origin:The split-leaf is native to tropical rain forests from southern Mexico to Colombia. It’s been introduced to a lot of tropical areas and has become a somewhat invasive species in Hawaii. Lacy Tree is indigenous to the rain forests of Paraguay and southeastern Brazil.
Repotting tips: Repot every two decades, or earlier if the plant becomes root bound and has outgrown its pot. Choose a new pot that’s 1 inch larger in diameter than the current pot and has drainage holes at the bottom.
Mix equal parts peat moss, perlite and potting soil, and then fill out the container one-quarter full with the mixture. Remove the plant from the old pot and centre the plant’s root ball at the new pot. Fill the region around the perimeter with all the extra soil mix and tamp it down firmly around the roots. Water immediately after replanting.
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